Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme


Benefits of ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ Scheme:download

After the successful implementation of innovative schemes  like the ‘Jan Dhan Yojana,’ Make in India’ and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Prime Minister Narendra Modi now launched one more scheme, ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ (save the girl child, educate the girl child), on January 22 in Panipat in Haryana.

With an initial corpus of Rs 100 crore, the scheme has been launched in a hundred districts across the country. In Haryana where the child sex ratio (CSR)  has been dismally low, 12 districts have been chosen: Rewari, Mahendergarh, Bhiwani, Jhajjar, Ambala, Kurukshetra, Sonepat, Rohtak, Karnal, Kaithal, Panipat and Yamuna Nagar.download (1)Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ is a collaborative initiative being run by Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Human Resource Development and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and it covers all Indian states and union territories. The scheme has three primary objectives:

1. Prevent female infanticide
The steep downfall in the CSR is a prime indicator of women disempowerment in the country. CSR puts a light on the pre-birth discrimination on the basis of gender that manifests in the form of unacceptable practice of female infanticide. Convergent efforts by government agencies and NGOs are crucial to ensure survival, safety and empowerment of the fairer sex. Under the scheme, district authorities are required to effectively monitor and ensure that the use of sex-determination tools by families and doctors lead to stringent action by law. Several healthcare centres indulging in such practices have been sealed owing to this programme. Parents, families, doctors and the community at large are being oriented to not resort to sex-determination during pregnancy.

2. Devise new schemes and work cohesively to ensure that every girl child is secured and protected
BBBP programme is being implemented with full commitment of government officials across the country. These officials  are working in close coordination with each other in order to ensure survival, well-being, security and education of the girl children. The government has been actively working to converge BBBP with other schemes that have been implemented for the well-being of girls in India. Several sub-schemes have also been rolled out as a part of the umbrella BBBP scheme. For instance, Sukanya Samriddhi scheme is a small savings scheme wherein the parents of a girl or a legal guardian can open a dedicated savings account for her in any post office or in some of the authorized commercial banks. One needs to make contribution to the scheme for the first 14 years only. In the remaining seven years one will earn interest from the scheme without depositing.

3. Ensure every girl child gets quality education
This is a very significant aspect of the BBBP scheme. Right to Education Act, 2010 entitles every child the right to free education till the completion of elementary education in a neighbourhood school. Unfortunately, the Act does not see its proper implementation in letter and spirit. If the girls are educated properly, they will grow up to be self-empowered individuals, better equipped to take their  socio-economic decisions in their own and society’s best interests. Under the BBBP scheme, district-level education officials have to ensure that the benefit of free elementary education reaches all the girls in their areas. There is active involvement  of schools and other grass root- level organisations in this. The school management committees that are able to achieve 100% transition of girl students at various educational levels are awarded under the BBBP scheme.

The list of these additional districts is as below:download (2)

 

SNName of State / UTDistrictsCensus 2001Census 2011
INDIA927918
1Gujarat (4)Anand849884
2Amreli892886
3Patan865890
4Bhavnagar881891
5Haryana (8)Gurgaon807830
6Jind818838
7Faridabad847843
8Hisar832851
9Fatehabad828854
10Sirsa817862
11Panchkula829863
12Palwal854866
13Himachal Pradesh (2)Kangra836876
14Hamirpur850887
15Jammu & Kashmir (10)Samba798779
16Baramula961863
17Ganderbal1014863
18Rajouri905865
19Srinagar983865
20Shupiyan1011878
21Kupwara1021879
22Kulgam1003885
23Udhampur912886
24Bandipore967892
25Madhya Pradesh (2)Rewa926885
26Tikamgarh916892
27Maharastra (6)Hingoli927882
28Solapur895883
29Pune902883
30Parbhani923884
31Nashik920890
32Latur918889
33NCT of DelhiNorth East875880
34South888885
35PunjabFaridkot812851
36Bathinda785854
37Ludhiana817860
38Moga818860
39Rupnagar799863
40Hoshiarpur812865
41Kapurthala785871
42Jalandhar806874
43Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar808885
44RajasthanJaisalmer869874
45Hanumangarh872878
46Jodhpur920891
47Tonk927892
48Uttar Pradesh (11)Etawah895875
49Aligarh886877
50Etah880879
51Firozabad887881
52Jalaun889881
53Bijnor905883
54Mainpuri892884
55Hamirpur904886
56Saharanpur872887
57Farrukhabad897889
58Mahoba900892
59Uttarakhand (3)Hardwar862877
60Dehradun894889
61Chamoli935889

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