Benefits of ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ Scheme:
- 1 Benefits of ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ Scheme:
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After the successful implementation of innovative schemes like the ‘Jan Dhan Yojana,’ Make in India’ and Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Prime Minister Narendra Modi now launched one more scheme, ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ (save the girl child, educate the girl child), on January 22 in Panipat in Haryana.
With an initial corpus of Rs 100 crore, the scheme has been launched in a hundred districts across the country. In Haryana where the child sex ratio (CSR) has been dismally low, 12 districts have been chosen: Rewari, Mahendergarh, Bhiwani, Jhajjar, Ambala, Kurukshetra, Sonepat, Rohtak, Karnal, Kaithal, Panipat and Yamuna Nagar.Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ is a collaborative initiative being run by Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Human Resource Development and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and it covers all Indian states and union territories. The scheme has three primary objectives:
1. Prevent female infanticide
The steep downfall in the CSR is a prime indicator of women disempowerment in the country. CSR puts a light on the pre-birth discrimination on the basis of gender that manifests in the form of unacceptable practice of female infanticide. Convergent efforts by government agencies and NGOs are crucial to ensure survival, safety and empowerment of the fairer sex. Under the scheme, district authorities are required to effectively monitor and ensure that the use of sex-determination tools by families and doctors lead to stringent action by law. Several healthcare centres indulging in such practices have been sealed owing to this programme. Parents, families, doctors and the community at large are being oriented to not resort to sex-determination during pregnancy.
2. Devise new schemes and work cohesively to ensure that every girl child is secured and protected
BBBP programme is being implemented with full commitment of government officials across the country. These officials are working in close coordination with each other in order to ensure survival, well-being, security and education of the girl children. The government has been actively working to converge BBBP with other schemes that have been implemented for the well-being of girls in India. Several sub-schemes have also been rolled out as a part of the umbrella BBBP scheme. For instance, Sukanya Samriddhi scheme is a small savings scheme wherein the parents of a girl or a legal guardian can open a dedicated savings account for her in any post office or in some of the authorized commercial banks. One needs to make contribution to the scheme for the first 14 years only. In the remaining seven years one will earn interest from the scheme without depositing.
3. Ensure every girl child gets quality education
This is a very significant aspect of the BBBP scheme. Right to Education Act, 2010 entitles every child the right to free education till the completion of elementary education in a neighbourhood school. Unfortunately, the Act does not see its proper implementation in letter and spirit. If the girls are educated properly, they will grow up to be self-empowered individuals, better equipped to take their socio-economic decisions in their own and society’s best interests. Under the BBBP scheme, district-level education officials have to ensure that the benefit of free elementary education reaches all the girls in their areas. There is active involvement of schools and other grass root- level organisations in this. The school management committees that are able to achieve 100% transition of girl students at various educational levels are awarded under the BBBP scheme.
The list of these additional districts is as below:
|SN||Name of State / UT||Districts||Census 2001||Census 2011|
|13||Himachal Pradesh (2)||Kangra||836||876|
|15||Jammu & Kashmir (10)||Samba||798||779|
|25||Madhya Pradesh (2)||Rewa||926||885|
|33||NCT of Delhi||North East||875||880|
|43||Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar||808||885|
|48||Uttar Pradesh (11)||Etawah||895||875|